Lavender is a native of the Mediterranean region, it basically requires dry and sunny climate to grow. Lavender is one of the most popular herbs, its aromatic and herbal properties along with the look of the flower has attracted many growers . A hedge of lavender in full bloom is delightful to see and you can grow your own lavender hedge remarkably cheaply if you grow the lavender from seed.
Required Climatic Conditions
- Give the plants 6 hours or more of full sun each day.
- Apply very little water. Most people over irrigate the plants.
- Grow in well-drained areas or raised beds. If you have heavy or clay soil, grow lavender in pots. You can also grow Lavender Hydroponically.
- In case your soil is sandy, mix in some gravel to improve drainage.
- Plants require good drainage and Aeration
- Do not use mulch or too much rock wool that will bring moisture to the plants.
- Plant lavender with other drought-tolerant plants.
- Do not use to much fertilizers Lavender plants do not require it
- Prune back the plants in the late fall.
- Dampness the biggest enemy of the plant and at all cost dampness must be avoided to get a good harvest.
Growing and Harvesting
Keep the soil well drained. Lavender grows best in slightly alkaline conditions, with an ideal soil pH level of between 6.7 to 7.3. Test your soil and water for ideal PH if you are growing Lavender in soil as well as if you are growing Lavender hydroponically . If necessary, you can change the Alkalinity of Soil by adding a little lime.
Lavender is a fairly low-maintenance flower and will only need to be fertilized once a year using compost. An ideal time to fertilize your newly planted lavender is after the first watering. Allow the soil to dry, then apply the fertilizer.
Two most common pests that affect the lavender plant are whiteflies and spittle bugs. Both can be removed by hand or or by using organic pesticides. Aphids can spread a virus known as the Alfalfa mosaic virus which affects growth and blooming of the plant. Remove any affected foliage and burn it or use pesticides as directed.
The best time to harvest fresh lavender is when the bottom flowers of each stem are just beginning to open. This is when the lavender is at its most vibrant and fragrant. Cut the flowers at the base of the stems, near the foliage. Then, Prune the plant back to the new growth leaves. This may encourage your plant to bloom a second time, in the fall season.
If all or most of the blooms have opened on the lavender plant, then it is too late to harvest for herbal purposes. If you plan to dry the lavender, harvest when about 3/4 of the blooms have opened.
If you want to decorate your house with lavender, place the flowers in a vase, but do not put the roots in water. This just causes the flowers to fall off faster and makes the stems mushy.
Advantages of growing Lavender
- It is a highly prices herb which can be grown rather easily as compared to other flowers
- Its by products such as oil is used for medical purpose and is a high value item
- The flowers are also edible and are used in cooking
- Its a 10 year long crop
Health benefits of Lavender
Reduces Anxiety & Stress
Treats Sleep Issues
Protects Heart Health
Prevents Digestive Issues